Moscow is the capital of Russia, a huge metropolis and one of the largest cities by population in Europe. It is a city of great opportunities and has a unique charm, attracting guests from all over the world.
Moscow is located in the centre of the European region of Russia. It is served by four airports for domestic and international flights - Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo, Vnukovo and Zhukovsky. Thousands of passengers also arrive daily at Moscow's nine railway stations. The city is located in the GMT+3 time zone.
The city was founded in the 1100s and named after the river Moskva that runs through it, though there is evidence of human activity in the area since the Neolithic Period Nowadays it is a major world financial centre and the country's busiest transportation hub.
Moscow hosted the second edition of the FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship in 1952, as well as the 5th edition ten years later (alongside the women's events). It was also the location of the 1978 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship. The city has hosted the 1980 Olympic Games and the 2018 football World Cup.
History and landmarks
The capital of Russia has existed for about nine centuries. First mention of the city dates back to 1147, when it was the residence of the Duke Yuri Dolgoruky. The founder of Moscow is immortalized in a monument in one of the central squares of the city, although it is not known what he looked like - his figure is surrounded by many legends.
In the 13th century Moscow became the capital of the principality of the same name and since that time the city has experienced many difficult moments as an arena of historical events. From 1712 to 1918, Moscow lost its capital city status, but did not cease to be an important centre of the emerging state. After each event, the city experienced restoration and development, acquiring an increasingly modern and unique look. The panorama of Moscow is replete with a variety of architectural objects: Red Square and the Kremlin, Moscow State University and Stalin's skyscrapers, the Bolshoi, St. Basil's Cathedral - they all preserve the unique spirit of each era that contributed to the formation of Moscow.
Contemporary Moscow is a city where something is always happening, boasting many attractions, from an ancient fortress and grandiose cathedrals to beautiful parks and futuristic skyscrapers. Exhibitions and festivals, concerts and marathons, unusual excursions and modern theatrical performances attract the attention of residents and guests of the Russian capital. If you want to take a walk around the city, there are many parks and squares to choose from, and you can visit museums including the Historical Museum and the Tretyakov Gallery, the Pushkin Museum and the Armory. Even the Moscow subway is not only a means of transportation, but a historical object that attracts the attention of visitors. The stations are faced with marble, decorated with mosaics and sculptures, and guided tours are organised in them.
Moscow is the cradle of national sports, the birthplace of champions and record holders. There are many sports facilities in Moscow that host competitions of various sizes. Already at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, championships in tennis, figure skating, cross-country skiing began to be held in Moscow and voluntary sports societies such as Spartak, Dynamo and others were created. The authority of Soviet sports in the international arena enabled Moscow to host the 1980 Summer Olympic Games. In its modern history, Moscow has hosted numerous European and World Championships in a variety of sports, and in 2018 the city became one of the organisers of the football World Cup.
The history of Russian volleyball began in Moscow in 1923, when a so-called 'match of actors' was played between the male teams of Vkhutemas school and the State School of Cinematography. The first national volleyball rules were approved in Moscow in 1925 and the first competition - the Moscow Championship - held a year later.
The Volleyball Club Dynamo is one of the oldest and most titled in Russia. Founded in 1926 and returning to the elite of Russian volleyball in 2002, the club invariably fights for the highest places in the domestic and international arena. Among achievements of the blue-and-whites are the five USSR championship and the two Russian championship titles. Dynamo have also won the European Cup Winners Cup, are two-time gold medallists of the European CEV Cup, and hold one silver and two bronze medals of the European Champions League. The men's team of Dynamo Moscow plays in the Russian Superleague and consistently occupies a leading position, while also successfully representing Russia in the European club competitions. The women's team of Dynamo is one of the most titled in the country - a 14-time champion of the USSR and seven-time champion of Russia, plus a two-time silver medallist of the European Champions League.